Different types of acne
There are many different forms of acne ranging from the most common variant, acne to the more serious types such as severe nodulocystic acne.
- Acne vulgaris
- Pyoderma faciale
- Acne conglobate
- Gram negative folliculitis
- Acne mechanica
- Fulminans Acne
These types can range from mild to extreme but it is important to discuss them in more detail. So that sufferers can better understand their condition and how to treat it. Some symptoms are commonplace in all subtypes of acne, such as pimples and other skin complaints such as blackheads.
Understanding your skin
To truly talk about acne we need to first talk about three things, the sebaceous glands, hormones, and bacteria.
Are small glands that sit under the outer layer of your skin and are usually attached to a hair follicle. They emit a greasy mixture of fats known as sebum oil. Sebum oil is vital for the maintenance of your skin. Keeping it smooth and elasticated, and it is normally secreted on the surface of your epidermis via tiny pores in your skin. However, an episode of acne usually arises when these tiny pores become clogged with dead skin cells, sebum oil and bacteria. Often you will start to notice the appearance of blackheads, whiteheads and other acne symptoms. Experiencing a surge in your hormone levels – think puberty – causes you to produce more sebum oil.
This is why your skin often feels greasy and it does make your pores more susceptible to plugging. Nevertheless, hormones are not the only culprit when it comes to stimulating your sebaceous glands. For example, diet, stress, liver function and insulin can all play a role in triggering an acne outbreak.
Now you understand more about the sebaceous glands, it’s time to familiarise yourself with your hormones. It isn’t just a coincidence that acne tends to emerge around about the same time you start going through puberty, though it may certainly feel as though your body is playing a cruel joke on you.
Male hormones, androgens like testosterone, in particular, can stimulate your sebaceous glands and cause them to start overproducing sebum. Both men and women need testosterone but women tend to require smaller amounts than men, which is why they experience acne episodes during pregnancy or their periods. Your hormone levels are shifting during these times, and it might be that your levels of male hormones are increasing, inspiring your acne symptoms.
If your pancreas is producing too much testosterone, it might be expelled from your body via the skin, inspiring an outbreak of acne. It isn’t just puberty or your period that is to blame for producing too many androgens. For instance, your blood sugar levels can also influence your hormone levels so it’s important to consider certain aspects of your diet and lifestyle as well!
P. acnes,propionibacterium acne is the most common type of bacteria associated with acne. This bacterium can survive on your skin, usually inhabiting hair follicle, in small amounts and normally it is considered harmless. When your body starts to produce excessive amounts of sebum oil, it can transform your skin. As a result, you skin become the ideal breeding ground and the population of P. acnes explodes.
Your immune system may detect the damage being caused by P. acne and release a wave of inflammatory chemicals to fight the outbreak. These chemicals though, can be abrasive towards your skin and cause swelling, redness and inspire the development of pimples.
What are the symptoms of acne?
Given that acne usually only affects sufferers at specific points in their lives. For example, puberty, pregnancy, and menopause it can be considered a chronic skin condition.
Pimples and blackheads normally appear in mild cases of acne. Like acne vulgaris, and are easy to treat using natural and conventional medicines. However, in more extreme episodes of acne, the symptoms can become more inflamed and pronounced. Thereby, developing into nodules and cysts that may require additional care.
It’s important that you speak to your doctor if you feel that your acne symptoms are persisting or getting worse. You could be suffering from a more severe variant of the condition, such as Pyoderma faciale acne or severe nodulocystic acne.